Although a head injury sometimes leaves no visible wound, there may be obvious bruising or bleeding at the site. The victim may have a headache, dizziness or nausea. The aims of first-aid treatment are to control bleeding, dress the wound, and seek medical help.
Treating a Head Injury
Treat visible wounds
If there’s a scalp wound, replace any skin flaps
Press a clean pad firmly over the wound to control the blood flow.
Maintain the pressure for at least 10 minutes until the blood flow has been controlled.
Secure a bandage around the victims head to hold the pad in position.
Check that the victim is fully conscious by asking simple, direct questions in a clear voice.
If they answer your questions lay them down in a comfortable position, and then arrange for transport to the hospital.
Monitor the victims breathing by checking their pulse and level of consciousness every 10 minutes until help arrives.
Use disposable gloves and/ or wash your hands well when dealing with body fluid.
If the victim becomes unconscious, open airway, check breathing and be prepared to begin resuscitation.
Dial 911 or call EMS if
The victim is unconscious, appears confused, or condition is deteriorating.
There is a depression or soft patch in her skull, or blood or watery fluid is leaking from ears or nose, these indicate as skull fracture.