The legend of beloved activist, Kathrada
JOHANNESBURG – ANC veteran, Ahmed Kathrada (87) passed away this morning at the Donald Gordon Hospital.
Kathrada passed away peacefully after a short period of illness, following a brain surgery. Neeshan Balton, Executive Director of the Ahmed Kathrada Foundation, confirmed that the beloved activist passed away today. The legend will be buried according to Muslim religious rights said a statement from the Ahmed Kathrada Foundation. “This is a great loss to the ANC, the broader liberation movement and South Africa as a whole. Internationally, he was staunch in his support for the Palestinian struggle. ‘Kathy’ was an inspiration to millions in different parts of the world,” said Balton.
Kathrada spent 26 years and 3 months in prison, 18 of which were on Robben Island. Those who had fought alongside Kathrada in the apartheid struggle felt the loss of an old friend. “I have worked with Kathy for over sixty years. He has been my strength in prison, my guide in political life and my pillar of strength in the most difficult moments of my life,” said fellow Robben Island prisoner, Laloo ‘Isu’ Chiba. Close friends and colleagues mourned the loss of a mentor and inspiration. “I have lost a revolutionary mentor and dear friend,” said Kathrada Foundation Chairperson, Derek Hanekom, ” comrade Kathy was a gentle, humane and humble soul. He was a determined revolutionary who gave his entire life to the liberation struggle in our country.”
Kathrada’s illustrious political career saw him serve between 1994 and 1999 as the parliamentary counselor to late President Nelson Mandela. Born on 21 August 1929 in rural Schweizer-Reneke, he got his first taste of politics when he joined a non-racial youth club run by the Young Communist League as a young boy. At 17, Kathrada participated in the 1946 Passive Resistance Campaign led by the South African Indian Congress. He was part of 2000 resisters who were arrested and imprisoned for defying a law that discriminated against Indian South Africans. Kathrada, under the tutelage of Transvaal Indian Congress leader, Dr Yusuf Dadoo, later befriended emerging ANC leaders such as Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo. In 1951, Kathrada visited East Berlin to attend the youth festival jointly organised by the World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY), and the International Union of Students (IUS). While there he visited Poland, where the Auschwitz concentration camp left an indelible impression on him. Back home in 1952, Kathrada was in a group of 20, including Mandela and Sisulu, who were sentenced to nine months in prison with hard labour – suspended for two years – for organising the Defiance Campaign against six unjust, apartheid laws. The campaign was jointly organised by the ANC and SA Indian Congress. In 1954, Kathrada was placed under restrictions by apartheid security police and was arrested several times for breaking his banning orders. In 1956, he was among the 156 Congress activists and leaders charged for High Treason. The trial continued for four years after which all the accused were acquitted. Kathrada, Mandela and Sisulu were among the last 30 to be acquitted.
In 1962, Kathrada was placed under “house arrest.” While on trial in 1960, the ANC and PAC were banned. The following year Kathrada broke his banning orders and went underground to continue his political and military work in the ANC’s armed wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK). In July 1963, the police swooped on Liliesleaf Farm in Rivonia, a Johannesburg suburb where Kathrada and other banned persons had been meeting secretly. This led to the famous Rivonia Trial in which eight accused were sentenced to life imprisonment with hard labour on Robben Island. His fellow prisoners included ANC leaders such as Mandela, Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba, Denis Goldberg, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni.
During his 26 years in prison, Kathrada obtained four university degrees, namely, BA (in History and Criminology), B Bibliography (in African Politics and Library Science), BA Honours (History) and BA Honours (African Politics). In 1982, Mandela, Sisulu, Kathrada, Mhlaba and Mlangeni were transferred to Pollsmoor Prison in Cape Town. while Kathrada was released on 15 October 1989 just before the ANC was unbanned. At its first legal conference in South Africa, Kathrada was elected onto its National Executive Committee. Until 1994, he headed the ANC’s Public Relations Department. At its Conference in 1997, Kathrada declined nomination to the National Executive Committee. In 1992, Kathrada undertook the Islamic Haj pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. In 1994, Kathrada was elected to Parliament and served as President Mandela’s Parliamentary Counsellor. He was chairperson of the Robben Island Museum Council from 1997 until his term expired in 2006. In 2008, the Ahmed Kathrada Foundation was launched with the aim of deepening non-racialism. Kathrada was an active participant in the Foundation’s work, which includes promoting Constitutional ideals and human rights, youth leadership and development, challenging racism and preserving and promoting liberation history.
Kathrada is survived by his wife, Barbara Hogan, also an ANC stalwart and veteran.
Ahmed Kathrada received the following awards:
– Honorary Degree, Central London Polytechnic, February 1986
– Honorary Degree, Canada University of Guelph, February, 1986
– “Isithwalandwe”, the highest award bestowed by the ANC, 1992
– Fellow of the Mayibuye Centre, University of the Western Cape, 1991
– The ANC’s Merit Award for Long Service
– Presidential Order for Meritorious Service Class 1: Gold, 1999
– Honorary Doctorate: University of Massachusetts, May 2000
– Honorary Doctorate: University of Durban-Westville
– 2002 Mahatma Gandhi Award by the Congress of Business and Economics, October 2003
– Doctorate of Humane Letters: University of Missouri, January 2004
– Voted 46th in the Top 100 Great South Africans, 2004
– Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award by President of India, January 2005
– Doctor of Humanities: Michigan State University, December 2005
– Recognition award of his sacrifices and outstanding contribution to democracy, constitutionalism and human rights in South Africa, Constitution Hill Trust, October 2009
– Kentucky State Award, April 2011
– Honorary Degree from Kentucky University, April 2011
– Honorary Doctorate: University of Kentucky, May 2011
– Freeman of the City of Johannesburg, August 2012
– Honorary Doctorate: University of the Witwatersrand, 2012
– Centenary Distinguished Leadership award from ANC Rivonia “Heroes” branch, March 2012
– Lifetime Achievement Award from the Oliver Transformation and Empowerment Awards, April 2014
– Founders Award by the Asian Awards, April 2014
– Medal of the Prefecture of Reunion Island and honorary citizenship from the city of Le Port, August 2014
– Chevalier de l’Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur from the French Government, Bastille Day 2015
– City of Cape Town’s Freeman of the City, August 2015
– Doctor of Law, University of Cape Town, June 2015
– Freedom of Sedibeng Region, January 2016
– Freedom of the City of London, January 2016
– Honorary Doctorate: Durban University of Technology, April 2016
– Desmond Tutu Social Justice Award from South Africa Partners (Boston USA), May 2016
– Ad Portas’ most prestigious award honouring South African heroes from Michealhouse, October 2016
– South African Men of Year Awards: Honoured Legend, 2016
Books by and about Kathrada include:
1999 – Letters from Robben Island
2004 – Memoirs
2005 – A Free Mind: Ahmed Kathrada’s Notebook from Robben Island
2008 – A Simple Freedom
2009 – Dear Ahmedbhai, Dear Zuleikhabehn
2015: Triumph of the Human Spirit – Ahmed Kathrada and Robben Island
2017: Conversations with a Gentle Soul